Tabriz nephro- educational courses; global scientific vision with local vigilance
Kidney Disease Research Center (CKDRC) of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences started its first international educational course named: symposium and workshop of nephropathology on October 15-17 2013. During this three days teaching course a team of Iranian pathologist in collaboration with Pr. Franco Ferarrio, a reputed international nephropathologist, covered the main topics in the field of nephropathology. The main discussed area were; glomerular diseases. ANCA-associated vacuities, diabetic nephropathy, lupus nephritis, renal involvement in para-proteinema and IgA-nephropathy. The course was addressed to regional and national nephrologists and pathologists and our guests came from different centers. During this three days meeting we had a vibrant environment for clinico-pathological discussions. A series of lectures, panel discussion and interactive clinic-pathological sessions were took place, and during the interactive sessions clinical and pathologic findings were putted together. The sessions were open to parallel question and answer and participants were able to share their opinions and ask questions of speakers and to advice on clinical and pathologic issues. We collected remarkable positive feedbacks from participant. Lectures slides and audio-video records were collected and prepared in a special educational package and will be distributed internationally.
We believe that it is very important to make a close collaboration between nephrologist and pathologist during special meeting devoted to nephropathology. During conventional pathology or nephrology conferences just only one day or half a day is devoted to nephropathology, but during our recent teaching course wethree days just focusing on nephropathology. We decide to continue our teaching courses annually with international speakers and audiences in our center which is located in Azerbaijan province in north-west of Iran.
Our province has common borders with Turkish, republics of Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Georgia. These vicinities make us a potential center for regional collaboration and educational activities and to connect with international nephrology organizations. Our major education context would be nephropathology, preventive nephrology, peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, transplantation in developing countries, nutrition and renal ی disease, genetic and nephrology.We also have special focuses on diseases that are endemic in the region. Renal involvement in familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a common problem in our area (1-3), and sometime it present with a confusing features (4,5). Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndromes (6-8) and Behçet’s disease are common (9-11). Infection related glomerulonephritis is an important problem (12-14), and nutritional issues need special consideration
In our region there are nomads have no fixed residency and move from place to place, usually seasonally to find land for their herds. They often living in mountain region, and use high amount of salt as food preservers. We made a preliminary pilot study and found high amount of salt, and phosphate intake, high prevalence of hypertension and hypertension related complications among this population [Author’s unpublished data]. In our region we have high prevalence of tuberculosis, sometime presenting with very unusual pictures (15). Brucellosis still is a common health problem in our region (12). In developing countries there are.
wave of migration from rural areas to cities, and they are often settling in slam areas, they often changing their dietary habits and using more salty fast food and also entering a sedentary lifestyle, while some of them harboring chronic infectious diseases. Very importantly it is very difficult to expand the preventive and educational programs among these populations. Transplantation programs are expanding, and transplant induced immunosuppression creates unusual and protean face for some chronic infectious diseases that are endemic in our region (16-18). There are an extensive movement toward the natural remedies and traditional therapies in our area while some of them are potentially nephrotoxic and have profound adverse effects (19-21). expanding the public awareness about the environmental nephrotoxins has a utmost priority. New generation of physician is not aware about the epidemiology of common disease of their region. It is very important needs to combine the global scientific vision with local vigilance for health personals. Collaboration between regional centers is very important to expand the educational, preventive and research programs. This regional collaborations not only expands the sciences of nephrology in the region but also helps to have scientific achievements with global impacts. For all above reason, we are planning to continue our nephrology teaching course every year and each year we are focusing on special areas with comprehensive review. We hope a large number of delegates, both nationally and internationally join us every year to become a classic appointment for the experts. Our upcoming symposium would be held with the provisional date of October 2014; “nephology problems in northwest of Iran and neighboring Caucasia” would be the topic of our next symposium and we try to invite international and regional authorities to discuss on the major topics in a three days meeting. Please visit the website of Chronic Kidney Disease Research Center “http://cdrm-en.tbzmed.ac.ir/” for featuring updates and informations about our activities.
Dr Mohammadreza Ardalan
Professor of Nephrology and medicine
Fellowship of Transplantation immunology
Chronic Kidney disease research center
Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
1. Ghanbari M, Ardalan MR, Jabbar Pour Bonyadi M, Rahmani SH. Renal Involvement in Different Genotypes of Familial Mediterranean Fever a report from Azerbaijan Province. Medical Journal of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services 2013;35:58-65.
2. Bonyadi M, Esmaeili M, Jalali H, Somi MH, Ghaffari A, Rafeey M, et al. MEFV mutations in Iranian Azeri Turkish patients with familial Mediterranean fever. Clin Genet 2009;76:477-80.
3. Onen F. Familial Mediterranean fever. Rheumatol Int .
4. Ardalan MR, Nasri H. Massive proteinuria and acute glomerulonephritis picture in a patient with Familial Mediterranean fever and E148Q mutation. IJKD 2014; forthcoming.
4. 5. Ardalan MR, Shoja MM, Ghabili K, Taheri S, Shakeri A, Etemadi J, et al. Fulminant acute pancreatitis in a patient with familial mediterranean fever on CAPD: what caused the pancreatitis? Perit Dial Int 2009;29:676-8.
5. 6. Krautkrämer E, Zeier M, Plyusnin A . Hantavirus infection: an emerging infectious disease causing acute renal failure. Kidney Int 2013;83:23-7.
6. 7. Ardalan MR, Tubbs RS, Chinikar S, Shoja MM. Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever presenting as thrombotic microangiopathy and acute renal failure. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2006;21:2304-7.
7. 8. Amin-ol-Ashrafi T. Viral hemorrhagic fever of Sarab. Journal of Tabriz Faculty of Medicine 1970;10:377-458.
8. 9. Altay M, Secilmis S, Unverdi S, Ceri M, Duranay M. Behcet’s disease and IgA nephropathy. Rheumatol Int 2012;32:2227-9.
9. 10. Ardalan MR, Sadreddini S, Noshad H, Ebrahimi A, Molaeefard M, Somi MH, et al. Renal involvement in Behcet’s disease. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2009;20:618-22.
10. 11. Davatchi F, Shahram F, Chams-Davatchi C, Shams H, Nadji A, Akhlaghi M, et al. Behcet’s disease in Iran: analysis of 6500 cases. Int J Rheum Dis 2010;13:367-7.
11. 12. Ardalan MR, Shoja MM. Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis in a patient with brucellosis. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2006;21:1743-4.
12. 13. Ardalan MR, Trillini M. Infective endocarditis mimics ANCA associated glomerulonephritis. Caspian J Intern Med 2012;3:496-9.
13. 14. Nasr SH, Radhakrishnan J, D’Agati VD. Bacterial infection–related glomerulonephritis in adults. Kidney Int 2013;83:792–803.
14. 15. Ardalan MR, Shoja MM. Radiological findings in renal tuberculosis: a report from northwest of Iran. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2008;19:76-9.
15. 16. Ardalan MR, Shoja MM, Ghabili K. Concomitant pulmonary tuberculosis and tuberculous appendicitis in a recipient of a renal transplant: a case report. J Med Case Rep 2011;20;5:191.
16. 17. Ardalan MR. Mycobacterial disease in renal allograft recipients. J Ren Inj Prev 2013;2:83-4.
17. 18. Ardalan M, Ghaffari A, Ghabili K, Shoja MM.Lepromatous leprosy in a kidney transplant recipient: a case report. Exp Clin Transplant 2011;9:203-6.
18. 19. de Jonge H, Vanrenterghem Y. Aristolochic acid: the common culprit of Chinese herbs nephropathy and Balkan endemic nephropathy. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2008;23: 39–41.
19. 20. Marcus DM, Grollman AP. Botanical medicines--the need for new regulations. N Engl J Med 2002;347:2073-6.
20. 21. Etemadi J, Ardalan MR, Motavali R, Tubbs RS, Shoja MM. Thrombotic microangiopathy as a complication of medicinal leech therapy. South Med J 2008;101:845-7.